Skin spots are a common problem that affects many people, both men and women, of all ages. They can be caused by many factors, such as sun exposure, aging, acne, allergies and many other causes. However, there is good news: many of these skin spots can be prevented and treated effectively!
First of all, it is good to know that the «brown or black spots» are caused by a more superficial accumulation, at the level of the epidermis , while the "bluish gray spots" are due to a deeper disposition of the pigment at the level of the dermis . The greater the depth of the pigment, the more difficult it will be to remove the stain.
In any case, if you notice abnormal skin spots, it is always advisable to consult a dermatologist for a correct diagnosis and to rule out the presence of any more serious skin pathologies.
Types of spots
Let's now explore together the different types of skin spots, their causes and the most effective treatments to prevent and reduce them.
Let's start with melasma , a common skin condition that causes dark patches on the skin, especially on the face. Melasma is often caused by hormonal fluctuations, such as those that occur during pregnancy or when taking oral contraceptives. However, sun exposure can also make melasma worse. To prevent and treat melasma, it's important to protect your skin from the sun, avoid exposure to UV rays, and use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a high sun protection factor (SPF).
Another common condition that causes skin spots is sun freckle . Solar freckles are small dark spots that appear on sun-exposed skin, such as the face, hands and arms. To prevent sun freckles, it's important to protect your skin from the sun and use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a high SPF. Additionally, the appearance of sun freckles can be reduced through laser treatments or chemical peels.
Actinic keratosis is another form of skin blemishes caused by sun exposure. Actinic keratosis is a rough, scaly skin lesion that can become cancerous if left untreated. To prevent actinic keratosis, it's important to avoid sun exposure and use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a high SPF. Additionally, actinic keratosis can be treated with cryotherapy, laser treatment, or chemical peels.
Also, acne can cause skin blemishes on the skin, especially acne scars. Acne scars are the result of acne lesions that have not healed properly. To prevent acne scars, it is important to treat acne promptly and correctly, avoid popping pimples, and protect your skin from the sun. There are several treatments to reduce the appearance of acne scars, such as laser treatment, chemical peels.
As you may have understood, the great enemy of dark spots on the skin is the sun! That's why it's important to use sunscreens with high protection in both summer and winter .
There are also various ways to lighten the spots, including treatments involving the use of products based on depigmenting substances. It often happens that, not obtaining immediate results, the treatment is interrupted prematurely: in reality, for the creams to exert their action, a relatively long period of time must pass, estimated around two months , i.e. the time required for cell phone replacement. The Fiori di Cipria complete depigmenting treatment is perfect for this purpose.